Scoring is done differently in all three fencing variants. When using the foil only hits the torso, neck, groin and back, and stitches can. When using the foil, it only hits the torso, neck, groin and back, and points can only be earned with the tip of the weapon, not the side of the blade. The practice and techniques of modern competitive fencing are governed by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (FIE), although they were developed on the basis of conventions developed in 18th and 19th century Europe to govern fencing as a martial art and a gentlemanly activity.
Modern weapons for sports fencing are foil, sword and saber. Is it dangerous to wield? Does fencing hurt? People often ask these questions when they are considering fencing for their young children. Well, oddly enough, since the sport includes “hitting each other with metal blades, etc.”, fencing is one of the safest sports in the world. You can start fencing at age five or 6 and participate for life.
Young fencers can strive to compete at the high school or NCAA level, or even represent the United States team in the Cadet (U1) or Junior (U20) World Championships.